The polluted air of the capital is taking a heavy toll on our health
What Happened in Delhi since last few days ?
- Smoggy mornings due to high moisture content, particulate matter, pollution, lack of winds.
- Smog is a mixture of Carbon Monoxide, Particulate Matter, Ground level Ozone and Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur Dioxide
- It is a man – made situation, as we only have created such high levels of pollution
- The haziness witnessed in morning hours is usually just smog, obstructing visibility.
- Smog is poisonous and may create many health hazards like it may trigger asthmatic attacks and other breathing complication.
Common Sources for air Pollution in Delhi in the last few days
- Motor Vehicles emissions particularly Diesel Vehicles.
- Industrial pollution , construction activities and road side dust
- Household combustion Devices like wood, coal and Gobar Upla etc.
- Could be result of bursting of firecrackers.
- Burning of Agricultural residue in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana
Pollutants Affecting Health
- Particulate Matter
- Carbon Monoxide
- Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur Dioxide
- Volatile Organic Compounds
Air Pollution is causing Health Problems
A few minutes in polluted air can cause:
- Allergy, eye irritation , runny nose, sore throat, cough, shortness of breath & difficulty in breathing
- Headache, sleepiness, lowered alertness
- Nausea ,vomiting , abdominal pain
Over a period of time , it may lead to
- Respiratory problems like Asthma, Bronchitis, Emphysema, damages lung tissue, poor lung function and Lung cancer
- Heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, palpitation, diabetes.
- Anxiety, depression, stress, shortened lifespan
High Risk Groups
- Small Children
- Children with More Outdoor Activities
- Pregnant Women
- Asthma Patients
- Patients with COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases)
- Patients of heart Disease and stroke.
- Person with low immunity
How to protect yourself
- Observe environment friendly behavior. Keep the environment healthy, not only by words, by your actions also
- Do not burn dry leaves, crops residue, wood, coal, etc.
- Use carpooling and public transport as much as possible
- Walk or use nonpolluting mode of transport for short distance.
- Do not smoke, as it harms not only you but others also.
- Avoid going outdoor during early morning and late evening for walk or physical activity as the pollution levels are maximum during this time.
- Schools may avoid outdoor assembly and physical activities in the early morning
- Avoid going to high pollution areas during peak hours. Stay indoor as much as possible.
- If you feel irritation in the throat and nose, take steam and do salt water gargles. Drink plenty of warm water and maintain good hydration.
- Take extra precautions for high risk group as mentioned above, use N95 mask if going outdoor during the peak pollution hours
- If any time you are feeling breathless or palpitation, immediately go to nearest medical facility.